By B. A. Dogel’, Y. P. Ilyasov (auth.), S. Y. Braude, A. E. Salomonovich, V. A. Samanian, I. S. Shklovskii, R. L. Sorochenko, V. S. Troitskii, K. I. Kellermann, B. A. Dubinskii, N. L. Kaidanovskii, N. S. Kardashev, M. M. Kobrin, A. D. Kuzmin, A. P. Molchanov

ISBN-10: 9400728336

ISBN-13: 9789400728332

ISBN-10: 9400728344

ISBN-13: 9789400728349

This translation of A short heritage of Radio Astronomy within the USSR makes descriptions of the antennas and instrumentation utilized in the USSR, the astronomical discoveries, in addition to fascinating own backgrounds of the various early key avid gamers in Soviet radio astronomy to be had within the English language for the 1st time. This publication is a set of memoirs recounting an engaging yet principally nonetheless darkish period of Soviet astronomy. The association of the essays is set essentially by the point whilst radio astronomy experiences begun on the associations concerned. those contain the Lebedev actual Institute (FIAN), Gorkii country collage and the affiliated Physical-Technical Institute (GIFTI), Moscow kingdom collage Sternberg Astronomical institute (GAISH) and house study Institute (IKI), the dept of Radio Astronomy of the most Astronomical Observatory in Pulkovo (GAO), targeted Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO), Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine (SSR), Institute of Radio Physics and Electronics of the USSR Academy of Sciences (IRE), Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, the Ionosphere and Radio-Wave Propagation Institute (IZMIRAN), Siberian Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, the Ionosphere and Radio-Wave Propagation (SibIZMIRAN), the Radio Astrophysical Observatory of the Latvian Academy of Sciences and Leningrad kingdom University.

A short heritage of Radio Astronomy within the USSR is an engaging resource of data on a earlier period of medical tradition and fields of analysis together with the Soviet SETI actions. a person drawn to the new background of technology will get pleasure from analyzing this volume.

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This translation of a short background of Radio Astronomy within the USSR makes descriptions of the antennas and instrumentation utilized in the USSR, the astronomical discoveries, in addition to fascinating own backgrounds of the various early key gamers in Soviet radio astronomy on hand within the English language for the 1st time.

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Two new members of the Oscillation Laboratory joined the station in 1952— R. L. Sorochenko and V. A. Udal’tsov. 5-m antenna to enable observations of the Moon as well as the Sun at 10 cm. These measurements provided data about the daytime and nighttime refraction in the atmosphere, and also about the radio emission of the Moon itself. As early as 1951, Vitkevich proposed the idea of investigating the solar corona by analysing radiation of the Crab Nebula source that had passed through the coronal material, when this source was located at various angular distances from the centre of the Sun.

Alekseev, used this radio telescope for polarisation measurements of the Sun. 5 mount continued to be used for this new purpose. A. Dogel’ et al. Fig. 5 m site, right by the seashore. The Small Wurzburg radar system was augmented with radio equipment and the required measurement devices. A Dicke disk modulator and absorbing valve were inserted into the antenna tract, to be used as an attenuator during the calibration of the radiometer when the radio telescope was pointed at the zenith. A high-frequency block with a heterodyne and preliminary cascade of intermediate-frequency amplifiers were mounted in the antenna.

5-m diameter parabolic dish from a 1 Radio Astronomy Studies at the Lebedev Physical Institute 11 Wurzburg–Riese German radar system operating at 50 cm wavelength—a trophy of the war—was used in its construction. Its turning apparatus, found in another place, had to be rebuilt and augmented. In addition, the 10-cm observations required a new, more accurate reflecting surface of solid sheet aluminium. The work on this radio telescope was headed by the highly qualified construction engineer and Doctor of technical sciences P.

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A Brief History of Radio Astronomy in the USSR: A Collection of Scientific Essays by B. A. Dogel’, Y. P. Ilyasov (auth.), S. Y. Braude, A. E. Salomonovich, V. A. Samanian, I. S. Shklovskii, R. L. Sorochenko, V. S. Troitskii, K. I. Kellermann, B. A. Dubinskii, N. L. Kaidanovskii, N. S. Kardashev, M. M. Kobrin, A. D. Kuzmin, A. P. Molchanov


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