By Manfred Görlach

ISBN-10: 0199283060

ISBN-13: 9780199283064

The 1st dictionary of its style to supply an exhaustive comparative therapy of the impact of English on different eu languages. masking 16 chosen languages from various language households, entries encompass phrases that are recognizably English in shape and which look in at the very least one of many languages validated. Entries are made out of a short definition, by means of a precis paragraph containing a wealth of ancient and linguistic details. Many entries also are observed through a grid summarizing the distribution of the observe throughout Europe.

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Additional resources for A Dictionary of European Anglicisms: A Usage Dictionary of Anglicisms in Sixteen European Languages

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E (i you) Gr aerojbik F/N usu. sg. [U] 19808 (2) > trsl aeroviki (ghymnastiki) I aero via si Aerotank* n. 'a vessel for sewage disposal' Rm aerotanc N, 19708 (1 tech) Rs aerotenk/aerotank M, pi. , 19708 (i you/mod) Sp [=E] cp2/adj. , end2oc (i tech, mod/5) Afro-look* n. 'a hairstyle characterized by long and bushy locks' This hairstyle was developed in the USA in the early 3 after-ski 19708 and exported to Western Europe (and elsewhere). The short form Afro is the only one found in English (and this could be the source of French, Romanian, and Finnish borrowings); the distribution of the long form (German, Dutch, Italian, Croatian) points to borrowing from American English rather than a new coinage—although look is frequently used to form compounds.

I 'a person who owns or manages a bank', 3 'a result forecast identically in several football-pool entries on one coupon', +4 'a favourite horse, team etc. in the pools, a sure bet' This term exhibits a complex linguistic history: bank is from Italian and has, with the derivative banquier 'banker' spread further in Europe; banker is a new term adding a modish touch to the traditional concept (this is also true of ^banking). Ge [=E] M, pi. -s, 19708, 1(1 mod) < Bankier Du - < bankier Nw <=E>/bankers [barjker(s)] M [U] 2OC, 1(0) 3(1) +4(2) Sp - < banquero Rm -

Table football' Fr [babifut] M, 19508 (2) babysitter n. I 'a person who looks after a child or children when the parents are out', +2 'an electronic device for listening to a baby while in another room', +3 'a chair designed for babies' This compound was adopted along with a new lifestyle after 1950, following the earlier adoption of \baby; the metaphorical senses and the noun ^babysitting followed later. The delay in Eastern babysitting 12 European languages is unmistakable (morphological problems did not allow the backformed verb, which is mainly restricted to Germanic languages).

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A Dictionary of European Anglicisms: A Usage Dictionary of Anglicisms in Sixteen European Languages by Manfred Görlach


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