By Alan Cruse
This handy-size reference e-book includes all the phrases prone to be encountered in a semester's learn of sociolinguistics. The definitions are transparent, concise and entire, and lots of examples are supplied. extra maps and diagrams supplement the textual content. hugely suggested.
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Additional info for A Glossary of Sociolinguistics.
Grice portrayed a conversation as a co-operative activity in which participants tacitly agree to abide by certain norms. ” Grice spelled out the norms in greater detail in the form of a set of maxims of conversation. quite a lot of horse). several milks). One way of testing for the distinction is to ask whether some portion of X still counts as X. For instance, a portion of a litre of milk is still milk, but half a car is not a car. A ‘count’ interpretation involves thinking of something as coming in separate, bounded ‘chunks’ that can be counted; a ‘mass’ interpretation conceptualises something as a continuous ‘substance’ with no inherent boundaries.
2. This approach implies that categories have sharp boundaries, whereas natural categories typically have fuzzy boundaries. 793 02 pages 001-202 24 31/3/06 10:19 Page 24 A GLOSSARY OF SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS 3. With this approach, everything that satisfies a definition has equal status in a category. This does not explain why, typically, some members of a category are felt to be more central and others more peripheral. For theories which attempt to deal with one or more of these objections, see prototype theory, exemplar theory, the ‘theory’ theory.
Contrary Two propositions stand in a contrary relation to one another if the truth of one entails the falsity of the other, but the falsity of one does not entail the truth of the other. This means that they cannot both be true, but they may both be false. g. a guinea pig). This relationship underlies the notion of incompatibility in lexical semantics, as well as some varieties of opposite, such as polar antonyms. conventional implicatures These are components of the meanings of utterances which are not propositional in nature, but which have a stable association with particular linguistic expressions and which therefore cannot be cancelled without anomaly.
A Glossary of Sociolinguistics. by Alan Cruse