By David L Thurmond

ISBN-10: 9004152369

ISBN-13: 9789004152366

Rome was once in a position to help a massive city inhabitants via supplying it with the rudiments of human foodstuff within the type of processed meals. This quantity incorporates a cautious research of these nutrition tactics. The paintings is equipped at the foundation of the presumed value of these meals, starting with the so-called Mediterranean Triad of cereals (particularly wheaten bread), olive oil and wine, then facing plant items similar to legumes, greens and end result, then animal items, and finishing with the condiments (salts, sugars, acids, spices) that have been themselves the brokers for the upkeep of alternative meals. The paintings combines research of literary and archaeological facts from antiquity with that of conventional comparative practices and sleek nutrients technological know-how.

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Extra info for A Handbook of Food Processing in Classical Rome: For Her Bounty No Winter

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The mola trusatilis, the so-called hopper-rubber, as reconstructed from a Greek vase. Above are the stones which give these mills their name, showing the hoppers on the upper sides and various patterns of grooving to facilitate grain fracture and movement of grist to the perimeter of the stone. (From Storck and Teague (1952): Fig. 37: Courtesy of University of Minnesota Press). 40 chapter one mill,70 though Frankel71 thinks it more likely that Cato’s ‘push mill’ is in fact the saddle quern, given the absence of any Olynthian mills in Latium or Campania in the archaeological record, these being the areas where Cato farmed.

Pasqui, “La Villa Pompeiana della Pisanella presso Boscoreale,” Monumenti Antichi 7 (1897): 397ff. Cf. 5. 61. 298–99. Complete testimonia for the instuments is found in K. D. White, Agricultural Implements of the Roman World (Cambridge: Cambridge U. Press, 1967): 152–56 and Figs. 114–17. 21 22 cereals 23 Roman flail, unlike its later permutation which survives in some areas to this day, was not hinged to allow the thresher to strike the grain from a nearly upright position such that the lower portion strikes the grain along its whole length.

Again the operation of such mills is apparent from the design and from pseudo-Vergil’s rather meager description. The miller feeds the grain into the hopper (using pseudo-Vergil’s left-hand servant) and with his right hand grasps a crank handle, either projecting vertically or horizontally directly from the running stone or perhaps as a true offset crank with a horizontal member between two vertical spindles to increase torque and therefore mechanical advantage. With the crank the miller rotates the catillus in one direction (as the poem seems to imply) or in semicircles of alternating direction.

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A Handbook of Food Processing in Classical Rome: For Her Bounty No Winter by David L Thurmond

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