By Annalisa Marzano
Drawing on documentary assets and archaeological proof this e-book deals a socio-economic background of elite villas in Roman significant Italy and brings a brand new viewpoint to the controversy at the slave-based villa method and the difficulty of Italian villas within the imperial interval.
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Additional resources for Roman Villas in Central Italy: A Social and Economic History (Columbia Studies in the Classical Tradition)
16 In my opinion, it is clear that Porcina was punished for trying to achieve too much power, both socially and politically, by means of lavish architecture. 17 The owner of a maritime villa could become the object of censure, particularly when it was felt that the money spent on these private estates ought instead to have been used for public building and to beneÀt the community. Such is Varro’s opinion of the rich villas of Lucullus and Metellus, built pessimo publico;18 and the speech of Scipio Aemilianus reported by Aulus Gellius,19 which refers to maritime villas as expolitissimae extructae, follows this same trend.
12 This seems to me too rigid an application of the 9 Philostr. 23, cited in Purcell 1987: 192, n. 18. Lafon 1981: 297 ff. See also Lafon 2001: 205 for an analysis of the use of the adjective maritimus in ancient texts. As noted also by Gros 2001: 266, the expression villa maritima appears only with Cornelius Nepos, but it does not occur in Cato, Cicero or Varro. 11 Piccarreta 1977: 17, n. 48. 12 See Mingazzini and PÀster 1946: 41: “La villa Iovis invece esula da questo tipo perché situata troppo in alto per potersi considerare marittima”.
30: L. Lucullus, ferebatur, quasi commodissime respondisset, cum esset obiecta magniÀcentia villae Tusculanae, duo se habere vicinos, superiorem equitem Romanum, inferiorem libertinum; quorum cum essent magniÀcae villae, concedi sibi oportere, quod iis, qui inferiosis ordinis essent, liceret. Non vides, Luculle, a te id ipsum natum, ut illi cuperent? On the “political” function of Lucullus’ villa, see also Cic. Sest. 93. 23 See Edwards 1993, Chapter 4. The animosity towards the rich and powerful freedmen of Claudius and their luxurious buildings is notorious.
Roman Villas in Central Italy: A Social and Economic History (Columbia Studies in the Classical Tradition) by Annalisa Marzano